Compute nearest neighbors in data according to reference.


  • Data: An input data set.
  • Reference: A reference data instance for neighbor computation.


  • Neighbors: A data table of nearest neighbors according to reference.

The Neighbors widget computes nearest neighbors for a given reference and for a given distance measure.


  1. Information on the input data.
  2. Distance measure for computing neighbors. Supported measures are: Euclidean, Manhattan, Mahalanobis, Cosine, Jaccard, Spearman, absolute Spearman, Pearson, absolute Pearson. If Exclude references is ticked, data instances that are highly similar to the reference (distance < 1e-5), will be excluded.
  3. Number of neighbors on the output.
  4. Click Apply to commit the changes. To communicate changes automatically tick Apply Automatically.
  5. Access widget help.


In the first example, we used iris data and passed it to Neighbors and to Data Table. In Data Table, we selected an instance of iris, that will serve as our reference, meaning we wish to retrieve 10 closest examples to the select data instance. We connect Data Table to Neighbors as well.

We can observe the results of neighbor computation in Data Table (1), where we can see 10 closest images to our selected iris flower.


Another example requires the installation of Image Analytics add-on. We loaded 15 paintings from famous painters with Import Images widget and passed them to Image Embedding, where we selected Painters embedder.

Then the procedure is the same as above. We passed embedded images to Image Viewer and selected a painting from Monet to serve as our reference image. We passed the image to Neighbors, where we set the distance measure to cosine, ticked off Exclude reference and set the neighbors to 2. This allows us to find the actual closest neighbor to a reference painting and observe them side by side in Image Viewer (1).